History of Nobel Prizes
He was a Guggenheim Foundation Fellow (1949) in the Department of Biochemistry at Harvard University in the United States where he worked with A. Baird Hastings and Fritz Lipmann (Nobel Laureate).
His career as an academic began in 1938 when he was a student assistant. Later he would teach at the Faculties of Medicine, Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine and Science. He also taught at the School of Medicine of the University of Puerto Rico.
In 1983 he was awarded this contribution for his contribution to the advancement of biochemistry in the fields of Bioenergetics; carbohydrate metabolism; metabolic regulation of enzymes, especially the study of liver cell metabolism; and for his concern for the establishment and development of undergraduate and graduate programs in Biochemistry in Chile.
Types of Nobel Prizes
Schekman first became interested in how proteins move inside cells during a postdoctoral fellowship he completed between 1974 and 1976 with S. Jonathan Singer, who was studying the outer membranes of mammalian cells. At that time, however, scientists could not easily study the steps of vesicle movement in mammalian cell culture.
So Schekman, who moved in 1976 to the University of California, Berkeley, as an independent researcher, decided to use yeast, a single-celled microorganism, to determine how protein-containing vesicles move in and out of the cell. Scientists can genetically and easily manipulate yeast, which, like higher organisms, have membrane-bound organelles. Organelles, such as mitochondria or the Golgi apparatus, are structures in cells that carry out specified functions.
What Schekman, using genetic methods, and Rothman, using biochemical approaches, working independently, did was to analyze in meticulous detail the molecular basis underlying vesicle formation, cargo selection and movement to the correct organelle or route out of the cell.
Nobel Prize in Medicine
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Where the Nobel Prizes are awarded
The University of Buenos Aires opened its doors on August 12, 1821. Since then, it is an institution characterized by its academic excellence and has the honor of having trained three scientific Nobel Prize winners: Dr. Bernardo Houssay, Dr. Federico Leloir and Dr. César Milstein. In addition, the Nobel Peace Prize winner, Carlos Saavedra Lamas, graduated from the Law School.
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3) Applicants will receive an e-mail confirming that the documentation sent is correct along with the programs and bibliography of the areas to be evaluated within 15 days after the registration deadline. Once the confirmation has been received, it is an essential condition that the applicant confirms his/her registration during the third week of July (July 19 to 23) in order to be in a position to take the in-person exam during the third week of September.